Kina: Flere børn fødes med misdannelser

29 oktober 2007 –

PEKING (China Daily) Flere menneskebørn fødes med misdannelser i Kina.
Det fremgår af en ny statslig rapport.
Antallet misdannelser hos børn stiger kraftigt i Kina, rapporterer landets statslige myndigheder.
Årsagen siges være miljøgifte, oplyser Ekot(Radioavisen på SR.se).
Siden år 2001 er antallet misdannelser steget med næsten 40 procent. Nu regner Kinas centrale Befolknings- og familieplanlægningskommission med at mellem fire og seks procent af alle kinesiske børn fødes med misdannelser.
Forurenet vand, højt indehold af kemikalier, luftforurening og store kuldistrikter udpeges som årsagen til de mange nyfødte med misdannelser. Aller værst er det i provinsen Shanxi i det centrale Kina. > > > > > > > > > > * * * KILDER:
Baby born with birth defects every 30 seconds * * * * *
China Daily

Originaltelegram :
BEIJING (China Daily.30.Okt)
Birth defects in China have increased by nearly 40 percent since 2001, according to statistics from the country’s birth deformity monitoring center.
The figure was cited in a recent report by Jiang Fan, deputy head of the National Population and Family
Planning Commission, at a conference in Chengdu, capital city of Southwest China’s Sichuan Province.

Jiang said the rate of defects among all Chinese infants rose from 104.9 per 10,000 births in 2001 to 145.5 in 2006,
affecting nearly one in every 10 Chinese households.

The total expenses they generate total several hundreds of billion yuan, he said.

They affect about one million of the 20 million babies born every year, with about 300,000 babies suffering from
“visible deformities.” This means that birth deformities affect up to 6 percent of the children born every year.

“A baby with defects is born every 30 seconds in China, and this situation has worsened year by year,” he said.

Statistics show that only 20 to 30 percent of these infants could be cured or treated. About 40 percent suffer
lifelong deformities, while the remaining 30 to 40 percent die shortly after birth.

Attention needed

Jiang called for elevated State and public attention to redress the trend, which he said “directly affects China’s
comprehensive national strength, its international competitiveness, sustainable socio-economic development, as
well as the realization of our strategic vision to construct a full-scale well-off society”.

Although more detailed figures are still unavailable, existing numbers are enough to correlate the high occurrence
of birth defects to geographic, environmental and economic factors as well as the level of education and health, An
Huanxiao, head of the northern Shanxi Province’s family planning authority, said.

There is a correlation between birth defects and proximity to environmentally degraded areas, said An Huanxiao,
head of family planning in the heavily polluted northern province of Shanxi, source of much of the nation’s coal.
Shanxi tops the nation in birth defects, Xinhua said.
A correlation can also be drawn with parents’ poverty and low education, An was quoted as saying.
China suffers from serious pollution, the price of its stunning economic rise, with air quality in major cities regularly
exceeding danger levels and millions of
people lacking access to clean water.

Shanxi now tops the nation in birth defect rates.

Residents in its northern mountainous regions are more vulnerable than those in the southern flatlands, and birth
deformity rates among people within and around the province’s eight major coalmines are far greater than the national
average, An said.

Rural communities and poverty-stricken areas are much more likely to birth babies with congenital defects than cities
and economically developed regions. The statistics are also higher in places where basic education and endemic diseases
are less prevalent.(China Daily 10/30/2007 side 3, )

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