Cuba: Privat boligbygeri opmuntres af Castro-regimet

4.Jan. 2008

HABANA (AP) Den cubanske regering under ledelse af det angiveligt “Kommunistiske Parti” – pCC – slipper nu de “private markedskræfter” yderligere løs når det gælder boligbyggeri. Familier og privatpersoner må – hvis de kan skaffe kapital – bygge deres egne boliger. Ifølge Castro- regeringen håber man at det vil skaffe hundrede tusinder af nye boliger. Tidligere indførtes privat overtagelse og arveret af tidligere statsansattes boliger.
I april sidste år vedtog Castro-regeringen at de offentlige statejede boliger skal kunne overtages og arves af lejernes familier og dermed blive privat ejendom.

Raul Castro’s Cuba Legalizes Private Titles To Government Homes

Raul Castro’s government has decided to let thousands of Cubans get title to the state-owned homes they rent in a legal decree that might lay the groundwork for broader housing reform

Raul Castro legalizes private titles to government homes

Friday, April 11th 2008, 4:25 PM
HABANA – Raul Castro’s government has decided to let thousands of Cubans get title to the state-owned homes they rent in a legal decree that might lay the groundwork for broader housing reform.

BAGRUND DEn Cubanske økonomy er still recovering from a decline in gross domestic product of at least 35% between 1989 and 1993 as the loss of Soviet subsidies laid bare the economy’s fundamental weaknesses. To alleviate the economic crisis, in 1993 and 1994 the government introduced a few capitalist market-oriented reforms, including opening to tourism, allowing foreign capitalist investments , legalizing the dollar, and authorizing self-employment for some 150 occupations. These private market measures resulted in modest economic growth; the official statistics, however, are deficient and as a result provide an incomplete measure of Cuba’s real economic situation. Living conditions at the end of the decade remained well below the 1989 level. Lower sugar and nickel prices, increases in petroleum costs, a post-September 11, 2001 decline in tourism, devastating hurricanes in November 2001 and August 2004, and 2008 , a major drought in the eastern half of the island caused severe economic disruptions. Growth rates continued to stagnate in 2002 and 2003, while 2004 and 2005 showed some renewed growth. Moreover, the gap in the standard of living has widened between those with access to dollars and those without. Jobs that can earn dollar salaries or tips from foreign businesses and tourists have become highly desirable. It is not uncommon to see doctors, engineers, scientists, and other professionals working in restaurants or as taxi drivers.

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